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Why Nigeria Should Adopt Border-Line Technology In Security

Many Nigerians wonder where all the millions allocated to security every year goes. With all that has been happening this year, shows it is clearly turning out to be Nigeria’s worst concerning security. Perhaps it is now time to look into why Nigeria should adopt Border-Line technology in security today, with the level of insecurity reported in the country. It may call for foreign help, which the country can afford.

In today’s world, country’s entry points appear guarded with all sorts of sophisticated weapons. Strong borders avert the influx of illegal drugs, and other contrabands as well as checking millions of people from all over the world.

More must be put into homeland security as what we are seeing now are the long-term effects of neglecting this area. All kinds of movement come through our borders, some with weapons, drugs, and all kinds of security threats. That is a major factor that’s linked to the country’s stability, citizens’ safety, as well as economic progress.

Borderline Technology

This is a technology that involves the use of a variety of electro-optical cameras, lasers, chemical detectors, x-rays, and other sensors, to limit illegal immigrants and contraband from entering the country through its borders.

Today, India is among the fastest-growing economies in the world; it attributes much of this success to its central location. It also owes gratitude to the trans-Indian Ocean routes, which have contributed to this immense success. Although, much should also be said about its large and complex border, which has addressed numerous illegal entry challenges that have now proven vital to its continued economic growth. These are more than just a lot of reasons for Nigeria to adopt Border-Line technology.

Every country needs to assure its citizens of their safety. This is not something that is believed because it is uttered, it is one that is shown over time. Moreover, free movement of people and goods in a country is very essential to the country’s growth, as well as the citizen’s belief in the nation’s system of handling things.

India shares its borders with seven countries, yet it stands firm in solving immigration issues. Most of its borders are man-made and do not follow any natural barrier. India’s vast coastline and island neighbouring countries make border management an important aspect of its sovereignty.

Another country Nigeria can take notes from is the United States of America. A country whose border security and immigration are one of the strongest and most sophisticated in the world today. Harnessing the ever-available dependence on technology, the country must defend its long and isolated northern and southern borders. The nation also possesses thousands of miles of coastline and vast airspace; all these are factored into security checks.

Border checks, initially carried out by human eyes alone, as well as out-of-date papers to identify repeat offenders and known criminals.

Now customs and border patrols have sophisticated weapons like the Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter. This chopper initially developed originally for the U.S military, for border surveillance and interdiction.

How Border Technology Affects Nigeria

The ever-recurring issues of terrorism, banditry, and criminal activities, call for dynamic border protection. This can be done through real-time networks, advanced communication systems, and artificial intelligence (AI). The technologies developed and employed vary from agency to agency. 

Nigeria on the other hand is experiencing almost back-to-back attacks from bandits, kidnappers, criminals, and all sorts of unrest. Clearly why Nigeria should adopt Border-Line technology in security. There are reports that perpetrators may not even be from the country, although, a small number of them may be Nigerians. This further reinforces why Nigeria needs to upgrade and update its technology in Border Management before these miscreants gain so much control as to enter and exit the country when they feel like it.

Border management is a security function that calls for an outlined system by various government agencies within Nigeria. Besides, the aim should always be to secure its frontiers and safeguard the nation. A lot of risks are involved in the movement of goods and people from other countries. Border control includes strong protection at key entry points: seaports, airports, sea and land borders, train stations, and every other means of transportation into the country.

Types Of Border Technology

Laser technology

The term laser “is an acronym for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation and refers to a device that generates or amplifies lights through that principle”. This technology helps in defence and security in different ways. Additionally, its application includes, range-finding, target illumination, monitoring of hazardous gases and illumination. Laser-based systems use laser lights and censors.

Laser Technology

Non-lethal technology

This is a type of technology helps to solve problems in security and defense and at the same time tries to put casualties at a minimum. The term “non-lethal” simply means easy measures of getting culprits. This weapons and ammunitions, structured to immediately incapacitate persons, while minimizing injury to them. It also protects damages to properties and personnels. They include; rubber bullets, sponge grenades, rubber bullets with electric shock effects.

“We’ve been looking at less-than-lethal RF technology, which the DOD is investing a lot of money in; the technology isn’t quite ready for the Coast Guard, so we’re waiting to see how it develops with the Navy,” Bert Macesker says  (executive director of the Coast Guard research center). “We’re looking at technology for improved communications and to improve or strengthen our ability to intercept non-compliant vessels. Future game-changers, some of which are already taking place in some cases, include machine learning to make good use of Intel. But the challenge is to get things out rapidly into the hands of operators in the field.”

Non-Lethal Technology

Small boat threat

This technology as stated above takes care of small boat threats. If the government can create new techniques to deal with small boat threats, it would go a long way in protecting the waterways. Small boats include commercial fishing boats; yachts, towing vessels, passenger boats, or any other small commercial boats and all boats moving on the waterways.

The U.S. border agents use airborne sensor platforms like the P-3 Orion aircraft to keep track of any movement in maritime areas. In Nigeria, oil bunkering has been a problem which the adoption of Border-Line technology might go a ways towards ending. Report shows that Nigeria loses more than 300,000 barrels of crude oil daily to illegal bunkering which comes to about 15% of the 2.4 million barrels of crude oil produced by the nation (Campbell, 2015).

Threats Posed By Small Boats

Threats posed by small boats include these Three (3) categories;

Weapons smuggling;

Boat bombs;

Terrorist smuggling;

Small Boat Threat

Underwater imaging

“We’ve been evaluating an underwater imaging system to track parasitic attachments to vessels seeking entry to ports using high-definition, high-resolution underwater acoustic capability,” Macesker says. “To counter contraband smuggling on the Northern borders and Great Lakes, we are looking at unmanned systems, including tethered balloons that could carry small infrared sensors. The smaller sensor payloads get, the more accessible they become and you will see more of these systems out there, especially as the price point comes down”.

Underwater Imaging

Nigeria needs to take lessons from what other countries are doing with their borders. A lot of Nigerians die every day due to the security challenges faced in the country. Another trend is kidnapping. It is not too late to understand a thousand and one reasons as to why Nigeria Should Adopt Border-Line Technology In Security Today.

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